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Cabinet, 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel, 1935
Elisabeth Meier BernasconiErnst MumenthalerOtto Meier
Cabinet, 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel
Elisabeth Meier Bernasconi, Ernst Mumenthaler, Otto Meier,

Cabinet, 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel,
1935

Elisabeth Meier BernasconiErnst MumenthalerOtto Meier
*2006
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[{"lat":47.38298232219578,"lng":8.535845617808263},{"floor":"floorplan-ug"}]
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Museum für Gestaltung Zürich
Ausstellungsstrasse 60
8031 Zurich
Museum map
Museum für Gestaltung Zürich
Toni-Areal, Pfingstweidstrasse 94
8031 Zurich
  • 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel Elisabeth Meier Bernasconi Ernst Mumenthaler Otto Meier Cabinet
  • 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel Elisabeth Meier Bernasconi Ernst Mumenthaler Otto Meier Cabinet
  • 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel Elisabeth Meier Bernasconi Ernst Mumenthaler Otto Meier Cabinet
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Listen to the text
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The 3M furniture from Basel can be considered an early example of a functional storage system. The pieces are lightweight, economical in their use of materials, and can be manufactured at low cost. As cubic elements, they can be combined as desired, and their metal feet provides distance between the unit and the floor to facilitate cleaning.

In 1928, the Kunstgewerbemuseum Zürich hosted a competition for simple contemporary furniture in the context of the exhibition Das neue Heim II (The New Home II). The young Basel architects Ernst Mumenthaler (1901–1978) and Otto Meier (1901–1982)—technically and artistically gifted graduates of the Gewerbeschule Basel—impressed the jury with the combinability of their standardized cupboards. The use of twelve-centimeter-high metal feet also made it easier to clean the floor. At first glance quite austere, these furnishings came to symbolize the Neues Bauen, obsessed as it was with functionality and hygiene. After 1933, lightweight, affordable variants of the plywood 3M furniture (3M for “Mumenthaler, Meier, and Möbel,” or furniture) were created along with the closely related Wohnbedarf Inkombi cupboards developed by Max Ernst Haefeli. For their Drei-Kantstabil (Stable Triangular) version, Mumenthaler and Meier used a structural frame of triangular wooden boards to which thin plywood panels were attached. Even the shelves were made of lightweight plywood in order to reduce weight, material consumption, and price, while not however sacrificing stability. The height of the basic element shown here—the Type 1 cupboard—was double its width. The combinable and stackable elements were also available in half-width and half-height. (Arthur Rüegg)

Kleiderschrank, 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel, Ausführung Drei-Kantstabil, 1935
Entwurf: Ernst Mumenthaler, Otto Meier, Elisabeth Meier Bernasconi
Herstellung: Möbelwerkstätte 3M, Basel, CH
Material/Technik: Leichtsperrholz, lackiert; Stahlrohr, verchromt (Füsse)
168 x 84 x 51 cm
Eigentum: Museum für Gestaltung Zürich / ZHdK
Literatureo

Museum für Gestaltung Zürich (Hg.), 100 Jahre Schweizer Design, Zürich 2014, S. 70.

Ursula Suter, «Mumenthaler und Meiers ‹3m-Möbel›: das erste Schweizer Schrankprogramm mit Typenmöbelcharakter», in: Rüegg, Arthur / Tropeano, Ruggero (Hg.), Wege zur «Guten Form». Neun Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schweizer Produktgestaltung, Basel/Boston/Berlin 1995.

Image creditso

Kleiderschrank, 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel, Ausführung Drei-Kantstabil, 1935, Entwurf: Ernst Mumenthaler, Otto Meier, Elisabeth Meier Bernasconi
Abbildung: Museum für Gestaltung Zürich / ZHdK

Innenansicht, Kleiderschrank, 3M – Mumenthaler Meier Möbel, 1935, Entwurf: Ernst Mumenthaler, Otto Meier, Elisabeth Meier Bernasconi
Abbildung: Museum für Gestaltung Zürich / ZHdK

Plakat, Gewerbemuseum Basel – Ausstellung Typenmöbel, 1929, Schweiz, Gestaltung: Ernst Mumenthaler
Abbildung: Museum für Gestaltung Zürich / ZHdK

Ausstellungsansicht, Innenraum mit 3M-Möbel, Ausstellung Typenmöbel, 1929, Gewerbemuseum Basel
Abbildung: Museum für Gestaltung Zürich / ZHdK